Document Type : Review paper


1 Department of Mechanic, Electrical and Computer, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Applied Mathematics, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran


Background and Objectives: Images and videos play significant roles in our lives. Moreover, there are considerable improvements in computer data collection systems; therefore, anyone is able to acquire much many images or videos, whereas he/she cannot process them manually. Images and videos became attractive since depicting and digital processing of these kinds of data became possible. Since indeterminacy surrounded the world, including images and videos of that; imprecision is needed to interpret this world.
Methods: Neutosophic logic, which is from philosophy and is also included of logic, set theory and probability/statistics, is able to depict this imprecision. As a result, advanced image processing can be defined by translation of image processing into neutrosophic domain. In this paper, first of all, a general introduction about image/video processing (segmentation, noise reduction and image retrieval) and uncertainty is stated. Then, definitions of fuzzy sets, intuitionistic fuzzy sets and neutrosophic sets are expressed. In the following, applications of neutrosophic domain in image and video processing such as segmentation, noise reduction and image retrieval are introduced.
Results: Although, neutrosophic is used for image restoration and segmentation; input images are usually medical images or gray level natural images. The remarkable point is that there are few researches that focuse on image restoration or segmentation using neutrosophic and consider color images. Therefore, color image restoration and segmentation in neutrosophic environment is novel to be done.
Conclusion: Neutrosophic usage in image retrieval brings out an improvement in average recall and precision measure compared to earlier methods. Considering different textures and shapes can extend usages of neutrosophic space in image retrieval applications.


Main Subjects

Open Access

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit:


Publisher’s Note

JECEI Publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional afflictions.



Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University



Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering Innovations (JECEI) welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in JECEI should be sent to the editorial office of JECEI within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.

[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.

[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.

[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.

[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.

[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.

[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.