Document Type : Original Research Paper


Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Department, Faculty of Computer Engineering and Information Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran , Iran.


Background and Obejctives: Multi-task learning is a widespread mechanism to improve the learning of multiple objectives with a shared representation in one deep neural network. In multi-task learning, it is critical to determine how to combine the tasks loss functions. The straightforward way is to optimize the weighted linear sum of multiple objectives with equal weights. Despite some studies that have attempted to solve the realtime multi-person pose estimation problem from a 2D image, major challenges still remain unresolved.
Methods: The prevailing solutions are two-stream, learning two tasks simultaneously. They intrinsically use a multi-task learning approach for predicting the confidence maps of body parts and the part affinity fields to associate the parts to each other. They optimize the average of the two tasks loss functions, while the two tasks have different levels of difficulty and uncertainty. In this work, we overcome this problem by applying a multi-task objective that captures task-based uncertainties without any additional parameters. Since the estimated poses can be more certain, the proposed method is called “CertainPose”.
Results: Experiments are carried out on the COCO keypoints data sets. The results show that capturing the task-dependent uncertainty makes the training procedure faster and causes some improvements in human pose estimation.
Conclusion: The highlight advantage of our method is improving the realtime multi-person pose estimation without increasing computational complexity.


Main Subjects

Open Access

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit:


Publisher’s Note

JECEI Publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.



Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University

[19] H. Liu, D. Luo, S. Du, T. Ikenaga, “Resolution irrelevant encoding and difficulty balanced loss based network independent supervision for multi-person pose estimation,” in Proc. 13th International Conf. Human System Interaction (HSI): 112–117,  2020.


Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering Innovations (JECEI) welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in JECEI should be sent to the editorial office of JECEI within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.

[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.

[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.

[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.

[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.

[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.

[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.