Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technical and Vocational No.2, Kermanshah Branch, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Kermanshah, Iran.


Background and Objectives: In this paper, an ultra-wide stopband microstrip low pass filter (LPF) with sharp roll-off and compact size is designed and fabricated. Also, proposed filter is designed, simulated, optimized, fabricated and measured and we can see a good agreement between the simulations and measurement results.
Methods: T-shaped and stepped impedance have been used, because these structures have a very small dimensions. This method provides a suitable cut off frequency.
Results: The cut off frequency at -3dB is 3.1GHz. In the proposed structure, the insertion loss is lower than 0.12dB and the return loss is greater than 15dB. In order to achieve a -20dB attenuation level in the stopband, a modified L-shaped structure is utilized.  This filter has an ultra-wide stopband that is expanded from 3.37GHz to 37.5GHz. Also, the suppression level is greater than -20dB. The fabricated LPF has a size about 16.6 × 13.5 mm2 which is equal to 0.28ƛg × 0.22ƛg, where ƛg is the guided wavelength at 3.1GHz, which is very small.
Conclusion: A microstrip LPF with 3.1GHz cut-off frequency consisting of T-shaped and stepped impedance resonators has been proposed, simulated and fabricated. The transition band (-3 to -40dB) is 0.38GHz, which is a very sharp response. The stopband of the proposed filter is from 3.37 to 37.5 GHz which is equal to 12.1fc. There was a significant agreement between the simulation and the measured results. With all these features, these filters are widely used in wireless communication systems.

©2018 The author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.


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